Posted on: 16 March 2016Share
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is not just limited to adults. Some children also suffer form hypertension. If your child has been diagnosed with hypertension, here is what you need to know.
What Causes Hypertension?
The possible causes of hypertension in children are similar to what leads to the condition in adults. For instance, it can result from using certain medications, family history, and obesity. Even race can play a role.
In children, hypertension could also be a sign of an underlying condition. Some children develop hypertension as a result of heart and kidney disease. If that is the case for your child, after receiving treatment for the underlying condition, blood pressure levels should return to normal.
How Is It Treated?
Due to your child's age, your primary care physician might focus on healthy lifestyle changes to help bring blood pressure levels under control. Lifestyle changes can include losing weight, becoming more active, and eating a healthier diet.
If your child is exposed to secondhand smoke, the source needs to be removed. Secondhand smoke is not only bad for your child's blood pressure levels, but it has been shown to lead to other issues, such as ear infections.
If the lifestyle changes are not effective in lowering your child's blood pressure, the physician might recommend the use of medications. Medication is usually considered a last resort.
What Can You Do?
It is very important that your child's blood pressure levels are closely monitored. Hypertension can lead to a number of complications, including an increased risk of heart disease. In addition to ensuring your child is routinely examined by the physician, you should monitor his or her blood pressure at home.
You also need to closely watch your child's caloric intake. The physician will recommend the right amount of calories your child should be consuming. You can also work with a dietician to develop a diet that is right for your child.
If your child is taking medications, monitor his or her reactions to the prescription drugs. If you notice any side effects, report them to the physician. It is possible that the medication needs to be adjusted to a lower dose that is more comfortable for your child.
Even if your child says that he or she is feeling better, continue the course of treatment outlined by the physician until a change is recommended. Remember to stay in contact with the physician and do not be afraid to share any concerns that you have with him or her. Visit http://rhsctn.com for more information.